The ACLU announced today that it would sue over an Arizona law that criminalizes virtually all abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy, with an exception so tightly drawn that doctors say it forces women with high-risk pregnancies to wait until only threat of death or major medical damage would allow an abortion to proceed.

Virtually identical legislation — to criminalize abortion up to the point that a woman’s death or major medical damage is likely — died in an Arkansas committee in 2011. Sen. Jason Rapert is mounting his race for election against Rep. Linda Tyler almost solely on the fact that she chaired the committee in which legislation such as this failed. Other bills defeated were similarly punitive, including a fetal heartbeat test requirement that abortion providers said would have required, in some cases, invasive transvaginal tests whether women wanted them or not.