Some of the tactics that lead to segregation are worse than others. Lack of transportation, for example, is
In all, the report found, based on 2015-2016 statistics, 115 charter schools with
Other studies have shown that the segregation runs the other way, too, with many virtually all-black charter schools.
The Little Rock experience isn’t quite so extreme. Several charters are predominantly black, as many around the country are. The Little Rock School District is 17.8
The Hechinger report includes a related article on how the federal government is allowing school districts to get around Brown v. Board of Education, which ended “separate but equal” segregation by law. As I’ve written, Arkansas has systematically reworked school assignment law and state Board of Education policy to effectively promote legal resegregation. As the article notes, there’s a strong negative correlation between minority enrollment and test scores.
Splinter school districts are one tactic to resegregate, the article notes, a movement underway in Pulaski County. Jacksonville has separated and groups in Maumelle and Sherwood hope to do the same.
The articles mention another factor at play in Arkansas — segregation by economic class. The experts say nothing lifts poorer children academically like exposure to kids of higher income status so the trend isn’t helpful. From an earlier Hechinger report:
Rich families are increasingly pulling away from poor ones, and sending their kids to different schools. At the same time, more families are living in poverty. According to a February 2016 paper published by Stanford’s Center for Education Policy Analysis, income segregation between different school districts increased 15 percent between 1990 and 2010. Within large districts, the segregation of students who are eligible and ineligible for free lunch increased by about 30 percent during the same 20 years.
And here’s the rub: this increase in poverty is more pronounced in minority schools. That is, the poverty rate in predominantly minority schools is rising faster than the poverty rate in predominantly white schools, according to Reardon’s calculations.
This new income segregation is now exacerbating racial achievement gaps.
The state compiles percentages on students eligible for free or reduced-price lunches, a status based on family income and thus a yardstick for poverty.
The Little Rock School District poverty percentage, according to the state, is 67.4
The charters that are nearly 100